Medicare Pregnancy Coverage

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Russell Noga
by Russell Noga | Updated January 23rd, 2024

Pregnancy brings a myriad of questions, especially about healthcare coverage. If you’re on Medicare, you may be asking: What does Medicare cover when it comes to pregnancy?

In this straightforward guide, we’ll navigate the ins and outs of Medicare pregnancy coverage, focusing on prenatal services, delivery, and postnatal support, ensuring you’re equipped with the necessary knowledge for your pregnancy journey.


Key Takeaways

  • Medicare covers expectant mothers, providing benefits for hospital and outpatient services under Parts A and B, including prenatal, childbirth, and postnatal care; it does not typically cover prescription drugs but may include prenatal vitamins recommended by a physician.



  • While Medicare offers considerable pregnancy-related services, it’s crucial to be aware of non-covered aspects such as certain elective procedures, specific post-delivery services, and no yearly expenditure cap leading to potential out-of-pocket costs for the expectant mother.



Exploring Medicare Coverage for Expectant Mothers


Medicare Pregnancy Coverage Exploring Medicare Coverage for Expectant Mothers


Although primarily designed for seniors, Medicare also provides coverage to expectant mothers. This healthcare program supports mothers-to-be from the start of their pregnancy, through childbirth, and beyond.

Let us now understand how Medicare aids in managing pregnancy-related costs.

Specifically, Medicare encompasses two main components that cater to pregnancy – Medicare Part A and Part B. Part A addresses expenses for hospital and inpatient care related to pregnancy, whereas Part B caters to doctor’s services associated with pregnancy.

The coverage extends to a variety of health care services, including maternity care, prenatal care, postnatal care, and delivery. Medicare also covers services such as pap smear tests, breast exams, ultrasounds, and genetic counseling.

These are important resources for maintaining overall health and well-being.


Hospital Services and Medicare Part A

Medicare Part A, often referred to as hospital insurance, plays a significant role in covering inpatient hospital services during pregnancy and childbirth. This comes as a relief for expectant mothers, knowing that hospital stays as prescribed by a physician are covered under this plan.

However, bear in mind that Medicare Part A only covers 80% of the approved healthcare costs, leaving the beneficiary to handle the remaining 20%.

This coverage caters to a maximum of 12 months, encompassing:

  • prenatal care
  • labor
  • delivery
  • postnatal care


Medically necessary cesarean sections are also included in the coverage. For those seeking additional coverage options, private insurance may provide a viable alternative.


Outpatient Services Under Medicare Part B

Focusing on outpatient services, Medicare Part B, includes vital prenatal checkups during pregnancy. They encompass pap smear tests, breast exams, and ultrasounds, providing a comprehensive view of the health of both the mother and the unborn child.

In addition to these checkups, Medicare Part B provides coverage for various health tests and screenings during pregnancy. This includes lab tests, X-rays, and bloodwork, thereby ensuring expectant mothers receive the necessary care throughout their pregnancy.

Specific screening services, such as Hepatitis B virus infection screening, up to three HIV screenings during pregnancy, and STI screening and counseling are also covered, as mandated by the Affordable Care Act.


Prescription Drugs and Prenatal Vitamins

Prescription drugs and prenatal vitamins frequently constitute a vital part of healthcare during pregnancy. Although Medicare typically covers medically necessary procedures related to pregnancy and childbirth, the coverage for prescription drugs may not be consistent.

Hence, consulting a doctor before commencing any prescription drugs during pregnancy is always advisable.

Although Medicare typically does not provide coverage for prescription drugs, it may extend coverage to nonprescription prenatal vitamins recommended by a physician under Part B. However, for this coverage to be applicable, a physician must specifically recommend these vitamins or supplements as an integral part of medical care.

The Scope of Maternity Care with Medicare


Medicare Pregnancy Coverage The Scope of Maternity Care with Medicare


Medicare offers more than just basic pregnancy-related services. It provides an extensive variety of maternity care services such as prenatal care, labor, delivery, and postnatal care, spanning a period of up to 12 months.

This comprehensive approach ensures that expectant mothers receive the necessary care at all stages of their pregnancy.

Ranging from vital tests and screenings to monitoring fetal development and offering postnatal care, Medicare significantly contributes to a healthy pregnancy. It provides coverage for 3D ultrasounds if recommended by a doctor and genetic tests when the beneficiary presents signs or symptoms that warrant further diagnostic testing.


Antenatal Screening and Tests

Antenatal screenings and tests are a crucial part of prenatal care, helping to monitor the health of both the mother and the baby. The coverage of these screenings and tests by Medicare can vary depending on the specific test and the individual’s circumstances.

Medicare provides coverage for screenings and tests at different intervals. For example, screening fecal occult blood tests are covered once every 12 months with a written referral from a healthcare provider.

This guarantees that mothers receive comprehensive care throughout their pregnancy.


Monitoring Fetal Development


Medicare Pregnancy Coverage Monitoring Fetal Development


Monitoring fetal development is a key aspect of prenatal care. Medicare Part B provides coverage for ultrasound testing in an outpatient setting for pregnant women.

These diagnostic tests, which include a count of fetal movement, ultrasonography, and cardiotocography, help monitor fetal development and ensure the baby is growing healthily.

While the frequency of ultrasounds varies, some medical facilities conduct these tests every two weeks during the third trimester, while others conduct them every three to four weeks.

It’s possible to listen to the baby’s heartbeat at each visit from 10 to 12 weeks of pregnancy. Medicare covers one ultrasound per pregnancy for fetal monitoring.


Postnatal Follow-up and Care

Postnatal care holds equal importance as prenatal care. Medicare provides coverage for postnatal care for a period of 12 months following childbirth.

This includes medically necessary services and procedures, potentially encompassing outpatient mental health services that may be needed by new mothers.


Additional Health Plans Supporting Pregnancy

Beyond Medicare, other health plans can also offer extended support during pregnancy. These include the Medicare Advantage plans and Medicaid.

Medicare Advantage plans generally provide coverage for pregnancy, childbirth, and certain postnatal care services, including maternity and newborn care.

Meanwhile, Medicaid provides supplementary coverage to Medicare, offering additional pregnancy-related services to eligible pregnant women, including Medicare beneficiaries.


Medicare Advantage Plan Benefits


Medicare Pregnancy Coverage Medicare Advantage Plan Benefits


Medicare Advantage plans may offer additional maternity coverage, encompassing pregnancy, childbirth, and certain postnatal care services. These plans are known to provide coverage for both prenatal and postnatal appointments, ensuring comprehensive care during and after pregnancy.

Medicare Advantage plans also cover a range of prenatal tests including genetic testing and counseling. Another significant benefit of these plans is that they are subject to a maximum out-of-pocket dollar amount.

This serves to cap the expenses incurred for covered services during pregnancy, providing additional financial security for expectant mothers.


Medicaid and Low-Income Pregnancies

Medicaid is a joint federal and state program aimed at providing healthcare coverage to low-income individuals, including pregnant women and those eligible for the children’s health insurance program. It offers assistance to those who may not otherwise have access to medical care.

It covers:

  • Prenatal care
  • Labor and delivery
  • Postpartum care
  • Essential services for maternal and child health, such as ultrasounds, blood tests, and medication.


Eligibility for Medicaid pregnancy coverage varies by state, but federal law mandates all states to provide Medicaid coverage for pregnancy-related services to pregnant women with incomes up to 133% of the federal poverty level.

Once approved, immediate care is ensured from birth for a child born to a woman with Medicaid or CHIP during childbirth.

Costs Not Covered by Medicare During Pregnancy

While Medicare offers extensive coverage for pregnancy-related services, it’s important to understand what aspects of Medicare cover pregnancy and which costs might not be covered.

These include certain elective procedures and specific post-delivery services. Comprehending these costs is essential for financial planning throughout pregnancy.

Expectant mothers covered by Medicare should be prepared for certain out-of-pocket expenses like:


Moreover, there is no yearly cap on the amount that expectant mothers with Medicare are obligated to pay for pregnancy expenses.


Understanding the Coverage Period and Limits

Understanding the duration and boundaries of Medicare coverage during pregnancy is vital for planning purposes. Medicare coverage for pregnancy-related services generally commences with prenatal care and extends through the delivery or birth of the baby.

Some services may not be covered during pregnancy, including elective ultrasounds, childbirth classes, and paternity blood tests..

Additionally, elective sterilization and lactation specialists are examples of post-delivery services that may not be covered.


Planning for Out-of-Pocket Costs

Preparation is instrumental when planning for out-of-pocket costs not covered by Medicare. The typical out-of-pocket expense for pregnancy-related healthcare services under Medicare is $2,854, while postnatal care not covered by Medicare can average around $18,865 to $19,000.

Certain services and treatments, like over-the-counter drugs, are not mandated to be covered by Medicare.

However, states are mandated to cover nonprescription prenatal vitamins, ensuring expectant mothers receive essential nutrients during pregnancy.


How to Enroll Your Newborn in Medicare



The process of enrolling a newborn in Medicare is relatively straightforward. Here are the steps:

  1. Fill out an application form.
  2. Verify the baby’s details via myGov or the Express Plus Medicare mobile app.
  3. This process can be completed online, making it convenient for new parents.


The newborn Medicare enrollment is generally processed within 3 to 4 weeks after submission. It’s recommended to apply to enroll your newborn in Medicare within 60 days after the baby’s birth or adoption/foster care date to ensure timely coverage.

Navigating Healthcare During Pregnancy Without Medicare

Planning healthcare during pregnancy can be overwhelming for those not covered by Medicare. Obtaining private health insurance before conceiving is vital to reduce the risk of incurring substantial healthcare expenses.

Various cost-effective health coverage options through the Marketplace provide coverage for the majority of medical expenses throughout pregnancy, delivery, and postpartum. These ACA-compliant health insurance plans are specifically tailored to encompass all medical services associated with pregnancy, childbirth, and postnatal care.

In the absence of insurance, the approximate expenses for prenatal, delivery, and postnatal care in the US can vary from $5,000 to $30,000 or higher, with an average cost of $18,865. Thus, it is essential to have some form of coverage to manage health care costs.


Understanding Medicare coverage during pregnancy is essential for expectant mothers.

From the comprehensive coverage provided by Medicare Parts A and B to the additional support offered by Medicare Advantage Plans and Medicaid, a range of options are available.

However, it’s also important to be aware of the costs not covered by Medicare and plan for potential out-of-pocket expenses.

Lastly, enrolling a newborn in Medicare ensures they receive necessary healthcare from birth.



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Frequently Asked Questions


  Is maternity covered under Medicare?

Yes, Medicare generally covers pregnancy-related services and medical care, but it is limited to medically necessary services. This includes routine prenatal care and childbirth, but excludes cosmetic procedures and non-medically necessary treatments.


  What are the benefits of having a baby after 35?

Having a baby after 35 can offer benefits such as greater financial and emotional stability, previous childbirth and parenting experience, and more peer support. These factors can contribute to a positive pregnancy and parenting journey.


  What is the best health insurance for pregnancy?

The best health insurance options for pregnancy include employer-sponsored plans, individual plans, Medicaid, and ACA-compliant plans. Some top companies to consider are Oscar, Ambetter, Cigna, Blue Cross Blue Shield, Aetna, and Kaiser Permanente. If eligible, Medicaid and CHIP are good choices for low-income pregnant women.


  What if I’m pregnant and don’t want to be?

If you do not want to continue with the pregnancy, you can consider having an abortion. It’s important to seek support and advice from a sexual health clinic or your GP.


  What types of prenatal checkups does Medicare Part B cover during pregnancy?

Medicare Part B covers prenatal checkups, including pap smear tests, breast exams, and ultrasounds. These are all considered outpatient services.


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Call us today at 1-888-891-0229 and one of our knowledgeable, licensed insurance agents will be happy to assist you!


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