Does Medicare Cover Breast Reduction Surgery?

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Russell Noga
by Russell Noga | Updated November 20th, 2023

Breast reduction surgery can alleviate the physical and emotional distress associated with excessively large breasts. Keep reading to see if Medicare will cover breast reductions and see what’s required.

This article will guide you through the nuances of Medicare’s stance on breast reduction surgery, coverage details, eligibility criteria, costs, and financing options.


Key Takeaways

  • Medicare will cover breast reduction surgery if medically necessary, with varying costs depending on the plan type.
  • Eligibility for Medicare coverage requires meeting certain criteria and exploring non-surgical alternatives.
  • The benefits of the procedure must be weighed against potential risks before making a decision, as well as understanding post-surgery recovery options and financing choices.


Understanding Medicare's Stance on Breast ReductionUnderstanding Medicare’s Stance on Breast Reduction

Medicare may cover breast reduction surgery if it is deemed medically necessary, but not for cosmetic reasons. Breast reduction surgery involves removing excess breast fat, glandular tissue, and skin to achieve a more proportionate breast size in the patient’s body.

Large breasts can cause neck and back pain, skeletal deformities, and breathing difficulties, making reduction surgery a potential solution for some patients. To be eligible for Medicare coverage, a medical professional must certify that the breast reduction procedure is medically necessary.

The breast reduction surgery cost can vary, ranging from $5,913 to $25,000, depending on factors such as the type of care facility, state, and whether it includes a breast lift. Grasping the coverage criteria is beneficial for those who need this surgery for health reasons, aiding them in securing the necessary financial support.


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When Does Medicare Cover Breast Reduction?

Medicare coverage for breast reduction surgery varies depending on the specific plan: Part A covers inpatient procedures, Part B covers outpatient procedures, and Medicare Advantage (Part C) offers additional coverage options.

We will examine the coverage specifics of each Medicare plan.


Medicare Part A CoverageMedicare Part A Coverage

Medicare Part A provides coverage for inpatient breast reduction surgery.

Here are the details of the coverage:

  • Deductible: $1,600 (2023) for each inpatient hospital benefit period before Original Medicare begins coverage.
  • Day 1-60: Medicare covers the full cost of inpatient breast reduction surgery.
  • Day 61-90: You will be responsible for a daily coinsurance amount of $352.
  • Day 91 and beyond: The daily coinsurance amount increases to $704 for a total of 60 lifetime reserve days.


Individuals with Medicare Part A can expect to pay a $1,484 deductible for each benefit period and $0 coinsurance for the initial 60 days of each benefit period. This coverage is applicable to inpatient procedures that a healthcare professional has determined to be medically necessary.


Medicare Part B CoverageMedicare Part B Coverage

Medicare Part B covers outpatient breast reduction procedures, but patients are responsible for deductibles and 20% of the cost. Part B provides coverage for medically necessary outpatient breast reduction procedures as determined by a physician.

Yet, it doesn’t extend coverage to elective cosmetic breast reduction.

The deductible for breast reduction surgery under Medicare Part B is based on the Part B deductible amount, and patients must pay this amount before Medicare will begin to cover the costs of the procedure.

Consulting with a medical professional is key in determining whether your breast reduction surgery qualifies for Medicare coverage.


Medicare Advantage (Part C)Medicare Advantage (Medicare Part C)

Medicare Advantage, also known as Medicare Part C, offers coverage for breast surgeries, including breast reduction surgery, if medically necessary. Medicare Advantage does not provide coverage for elective cosmetic breast reduction.

The medical necessity of breast reduction surgery is assessed based on certification from a person’s doctor.

The deductibles, copayments, and coinsurance for breast reduction surgery under Medicare Advantage will vary depending on your plan. You may be liable for copays for procedures or hospital stays, and there may be deductibles and coinsurance costs associated.

Reviewing your Medicare Advantage plan documents or reaching out to your plan provider for more detailed cost information is recommended.


Preauthorization Process for Breast Reduction Surgery

The preauthorization process for breast reduction surgery with Medicare requires providing documentation of medical necessity and meeting specific criteria to obtain coverage. To be eligible for Medicare coverage, a patient must have experienced persistent disruptive symptoms related to back and shoulder pain or arthritis in the upper thoracic or cervical spine for a minimum of 6 months.

Patients can increase their chances of receiving Medicare coverage for breast reduction surgery by maintaining clear communication with their healthcare providers, gathering pertinent evidence, and ensuring all documentation is comprehensive and precise.

Factors such as obesity, an insufficient amount of breast tissue available for removal, and insufficiently documented symptoms may lead to a carrier denying the predetermination.

Comparing Medicare with Private Insurance ProvidersComparing Medicare with Private Insurance Providers

Comparing Medicare with private insurance providers is necessary when considering breast reduction surgery coverage to grasp your options and potential personal expenses. The coverage provided by private insurance providers typically depends on the details of your policy.

Certain policies may cover breast reduction surgery if it is medically necessary. Additionally, they may cover the surgery if it is due to a congenital abnormality or as part of reconstructive surgery post-mastectomy.

On the other hand, Medicare provides coverage for breast reduction surgery when a doctor determines it to be medically necessary. Generally, breast reduction surgery is considered a cosmetic procedure and may not be covered by private insurers.

Drawing a comparison between Medicare and private insurance coverage can guide you in making a well-considered decision suitable for your unique circumstances.


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Non-Surgical Alternatives and Their Role in Medicare Approval

Before Medicare approves coverage for breast reduction surgery, non-surgical alternatives may need to be explored.

These alternatives include:

  • Supportive garments
  • Back braces
  • Massages
  • Physical therapy
  • Weight loss
  • Obesity management programs


Physical therapy can assist in breast reduction without surgery by targeting muscle weakness, shoulder dysfunction, back pain, scarring, and increasing range of motion and strength.

Pain management techniques that can be used to manage pain without resorting to surgery include:

  • Aromatherapy
  • Music therapy
  • Nerve blocks
  • Non-narcotic alternatives


Weight loss and obesity management programs can effectively reduce breast size by decreasing overall body fat, including fat in the breast tissue, leading to weight loss and a decrease in breast size.

An exhaustive investigation of non-surgical alternatives, including cosmetic procedures and cosmetic surgery, may be required for securing Medicare approval to cover cosmetic procedures for breast reduction surgery coverage.

Determining Your Eligibility for Medicare-Covered Breast Reduction SurgeryDetermining Your Eligibility for Medicare-Covered Breast Reduction Surgery

To determine eligibility for Medicare-covered breast reduction surgery, specific criteria must be met, including medical necessity, documentation of symptoms, and a review period.

Symptoms a woman must exhibit to be eligible for Medicare-funded breast reduction surgery due to arthritic changes in her upper thoracic spine or cervical spine include Torticollis, Cervicalgia, Kyphosis, and indications of Ulnar Paresthesias.

Breast hypertrophy, a medical condition characterized by excessively large and heavy breasts, may also be a factor in determining eligibility for breast reduction surgery. Working closely with your healthcare provider to make sure all required documentation is submitted to Medicare to prove the medical need for the surgery is important.


Benefits and Risks of Breast Reduction Surgery

Breast reduction surgery offers numerous benefits, such as improved posture, reduced back and neck pain, improved breathing, and an enhanced self-image. However, understanding the possible risks linked to the procedure is significant.

In addition to complications like bleeding, infection, poor wound healing, and damage to the nerves that provide sensation to the breast, breast cancer risk should also be considered.

Numbness or reduced sensation may occur in certain areas of a woman’s body after undergoing an operation. It can be of varying intensity.

Breast reduction surgery usually has a quick recovery process. It is also relatively pain-free. By meticulously evaluating the pros and cons of the procedure, you can make a well-considered decision about the suitability of breast reduction surgeries for you.

We recommend breast reduction surgery for those who meet the necessary criteria and have carefully weighed their options.

Costs and Financing Options for Breast Reduction SurgeryCosts and Financing Options for Breast Reduction Surgery

The cost of breast reduction surgery can vary, with prices ranging from $5,913 to $25,000, depending on factors such as the type of care facility, state, and whether it includes a breast lift.

Financing options are available for those who need assistance covering the cost of breast reduction surgery, including in-house financing plans, medical loans, and medical financing options from credit cards.

If the surgery is deemed medically necessary, Medicare may cover some or all of the costs associated with breast reduction surgery. The potential personal costs associated with breast reduction surgery under Medicare coverage can differ based on your specific Medicare plan and any applicable deductibles, copayments, or coinsurance.


Navigating Post-Surgery Recovery with Medicare Coverage

Comprehending what is covered during post-surgery recovery is significant for those possessing Medicare coverage. Medicare may provide coverage for follow-up appointments after breast reduction surgery if the procedure is considered medically necessary.

Additionally, Medicare will offer coverage for prescription medications required following breast reduction surgery if the procedure is deemed medically necessary.

It is important to ensure that all Medicare conditions and eligibility requirements are met for coverage during the recovery process. By keeping yourself updated and maintaining transparent communication with your healthcare provider, you can confidently manage post-surgery recovery with tranquility.

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Breast Reduction Surgery for Mastectomy Patients

Medicare covers breast reduction surgery for mastectomy patients as part of breast reconstruction. Coverage is provided by Medicare Part A for inpatient procedures or Part B for outpatient procedures, depending on the specific circumstances.

To obtain Medicare coverage for breast reduction surgery following a mastectomy, the patient’s physician must submit documentation to Medicare that the patient is undergoing breast reduction due to the mastectomy.

By comprehending the coverage Medicare provides for breast reduction surgery as part of breast reconstruction, mastectomy patients can make well-considered decisions about their healthcare options and guarantee they acquire the support they need during their recovery phase.



In conclusion, understanding Medicare coverage for breast reduction surgery is crucial for those who require the procedure due to medical necessity.Does Medicare Cover Breast Reduction Surgery? Summary

Navigating the nuances of coverage, eligibility criteria, costs, and financing options can empower patients to make informed decisions about their healthcare options.

With the right knowledge and support, individuals can confidently move forward on their journey to improved health and well-being.

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Frequently Asked Questions


  What size breasts qualify for reduction?

Patients should typically have at least a C cup or larger to qualify for breast reduction surgery, depending on their individual body proportions and preferences.


  How likely is it that insurance will cover a breast reduction?

It is likely that insurance will cover a breast reduction if it meets the criteria of being medically necessary and removal of the desired amount of tissue from each breast.


  What are the diagnosis for breast reduction?

Breast reduction is typically indicated for enlarged breasts (macromastia) as well as cystic breast infections (polycystic mastitis), back pain, neck pain, shoulder pain, breast pain, or headaches, and loss of sensation in the breasts, arms, or fingers.


  How much weight is removed in breast reduction?

The average weight that can be removed in a breast reduction surgery is between 450 and 600 grams. In some cases, up to 1 kilogram of weight may be removed.


  Does Medicare cover breast reduction surgery for cosmetic purposes?

No, Medicare does not cover breast reduction surgery for cosmetic reasons. Coverage is only provided if the procedure is medically necessary.

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