Does Medicare Cover Acupuncture? Learn About Coverage

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Russell Noga
by Russell Noga | Updated December 14th, 2023

Does Medicare Cover Acupuncture? IntroAcupuncture, an ancient practice with roots in traditional Chinese medicine, has gained considerable attention in recent years as a non-invasive, drug-free alternative for pain relief. As a result, many people are curious about “does Medicare cover acupuncture” treatments.

This article will guide you through the complex landscape of Medicare acupuncture coverage, from eligibility criteria and provider requirements to costs and alternative options for those without coverage. Let’s dive in and discover the ins and outs of Medicare’s acupuncture provisions.


Key Takeaways

  • Medicare covers acupuncture treatments for chronic low back pain, with varying coverage eligibility criteria and preauthorization/referral requirements.
  • Alternatives to Medicare-covered acupuncture include community clinics offering more cost-effective options.
  • Research has demonstrated that acupuncture is an effective method of pain relief.


Does Medicare Cover Acupuncture? Understanding Medicare's Acupuncture Coverage Understanding Medicare’s Acupuncture Coverage

Recently, Medicare acknowledged the potential benefits of acupuncture. As of 2020, they began to cover acupuncture treatments for those suffering from chronic low back pain.

Beneficiaries can avail up to 20 sessions per year, and if shown progress, they may qualify for eight more sessions.

Note that acupuncture coverage extends to Original Medicare, Medicare Advantage, and Medicare Supplement (Medigap) policies, albeit with varying specifics. This guide aims to simplify the understanding of how Medicare covers acupuncture, especially since Medicare began covering acupuncture, and to help navigate its evolving intricacies.


Criteria for Chronic Low Back Pain

To be eligible for Medicare coverage for chronic low back pain, the pain must persist for a minimum of 12 weeks. Additionally, the pain must not be caused by specific conditions such as cancer, infection, inflammatory arthropathy, or other conditions like osteoporosis or rheumatoid arthritis.

Medicare will not cover low back pain resulting from high-velocity trauma, fracture, or pain during pregnancy. Patients must consult their healthcare provider to ascertain if their lower back pain aligns with the criteria for Medicare coverage.


Additional Treatments

Medicare may cover up to eight additional acupuncture treatments if the patient demonstrates progress in pain management. The patient’s medical record must provide comprehensive documentation of medical necessity, demonstrating that acupuncture treatments are indeed effective in managing their pain.

To qualify for these additional treatments, the patient must show a decrease in the intensity or frequency of their pain or an improvement in their overall function and quality of life. Maintaining accurate and comprehensive medical records is vital to ensure proper documentation of progress and adherence to Medicare requirements.


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Types of Providers Eligible for Medicare Acupuncture Coverage

Medicare covers acupuncture services provided by:

  • Physicians
  • Other healthcare professionals who meet specific qualifications
  • Licensed and degreed acupuncturists with a license to practice acupuncture, who are supervised by an on-staff medical doctor (MD), physician assistant (PA), nurse practitioner (NP), or a clinical nurse specialist (CNS).

Currently, around 1,000 acupuncturists in the United States are eligible to provide Medicare-covered acupuncture services. Patients can search for participating providers in their vicinity on the official Medicare website (


Does Medicare Cover Acupuncture? Costs Involved in Medicare-Covered AcupunctureCosts Involved in Medicare-Covered Acupuncture

Once the Part B deductible has been met ($240 annually), patients are responsible for 20% of the Medicare-approved amount for their acupuncture services. However, the cost of acupuncture treatments may vary depending on the provider and the specific services rendered.

Patients must comprehend their financial obligations when seeking Medicare-covered acupuncture treatments. A grasp of the costs involved aids patients in making informed healthcare decisions and ensuring they receive suitable acupuncture care.


Medigap Policies and Acupuncture

Medigap policies can help cover the 20% Part B coinsurance for acupuncture services after meeting the Part B deductible. However, bear in mind that Medigap policies do not cover acupuncture claims that Medicare rejects.

If a claim is rejected, it means that the acupuncture treatment did not meet Medicare’s criteria for coverage, which could be due to a variety of reasons, such as the treatment being deemed medically unnecessary or not satisfying the stipulations for coverage. Always consult with your healthcare provider and insurance company to ensure compliance with Medicare coverage requirements.

Does Medicare Cover Acupuncture? Medicare Advantage Plans and AcupunctureMedicare Advantage Plans and Acupuncture

Medicare Advantage (MA) plans, also known as Medicare Part C, provide coverage for acupuncture treatments for chronic low back pain, just like Original Medicare. Some MA plans may also cover acupuncture for additional conditions, such as nausea or general chronic pain.

Coverage and eligibility criteria may vary depending on the specific MA plan, hence, reaching out to your plan provider for more information on coverage details is advised.

Keep in mind that specific preauthorization or referral requirements may apply to Medicare Advantage plan acupuncture coverage. Always consult your plan provider to ensure you understand the process and requirements for accessing acupuncture services under your Medicare Advantage HMO plan.


Additional Conditions Covered by Some Plans

While most Medicare Advantage plans primarily cover acupuncture for chronic low back pain, certain plans offer coverage for additional conditions, such as nausea or general chronic pain. These plans may have varying requirements for preauthorization, referrals, and the use of in-network providers.

To determine if your Medicare Advantage plan covers acupuncture for additional conditions, it’s important to know whether Medicare Advantage cover acupuncture in general. Consulting your plan provider for specific coverage details and requirements is essential.

This will ensure you understand the scope of your plan’s acupuncture coverage and any necessary steps to access these services.


Does Medicare Cover Acupuncture?


State Medicaid Programs Offering Acupuncture Coverage

Several states in the United States offer Medicaid coverage for acupuncture. These include:

  • Washington
  • Oregon
  • California
  • New Mexico
  • Colorado
  • Minnesota
  • Missouri
  • Illinois
  • Ohio
  • Florida
  • New Jersey
  • New York
  • Massachusetts
  • Connecticut
  • Maryland

Each state has its own set of eligibility criteria, coverage details, and limitations or restrictions on acupuncture coverage.

For instance, California’s Medicaid program (Medi-Cal) covers acupuncture services rendered by physicians, dentists, podiatrists, or certified acupuncturists who are enrolled in the Medi-Cal program and meet the state’s licensing and certification requirements. In Oregon, acupuncture coverage is provided according to the Oregon Health Plan guidelines, with specific limitations or restrictions on the number of visits or conditions covered.

For a better understanding of your state’s Medicaid program’s acupuncture coverage, refer to your state’s Medicaid website or get in touch with your state’s Medicaid office for detailed information on eligibility criteria and coverage of medicaid services.

Does Medicare Cover Acupuncture? Alternatives to Medicare-Covered AcupunctureAlternatives to Medicare-Covered Acupuncture

For those who do not have insurance coverage for acupuncture or are looking for more affordable options, community acupuncture clinics offer a cost-effective alternative. These clinics provide acupuncture treatments in a group setting, reducing the cost per session and making acupuncture more accessible and affordable for individuals who may not be able to afford private sessions.

Without insurance, the cost of acupuncture treatments typically ranges from $40 to $300 per session, depending on the practitioner and location. By exploring alternatives like:

  • Community acupuncture clinics
  • Sliding scale payment options
  • Acupuncture schools or training programs
  • Non-profit organizations or community health centers

Patients can still access the potential benefits of acupuncture without the financial burden associated with traditional private sessions where professionals practice acupuncture.


Research Supporting Acupuncture for Pain Relief

Numerous studies have shown that acupuncture can be an effective method for pain relief. The potential mechanism for this pain relief is believed to be through the release of endorphins, which act as natural painkillers and block pain signals in the body.

Acupuncture achieves pain relief by:

  • Activating sensory afferents
  • Transmitting impulses to the spinal cord
  • Activating centers in the spinal cord, midbrain, and hypothalamus-pituitary
  • Releasing endorphins

This process provides pain relief for patients.

The growing body of research supporting acupuncture’s effectiveness for pain relief, a key component of oriental medicine, makes it an increasingly popular treatment option for patients seeking non-invasive, drug-free alternatives.

Navigating the Medicare Acupuncture Landscape

Comprehending the specific conditions and criteria for Medicare coverage of acupuncture services is vital for patients opting for this treatment. To locate eligible acupuncture providers, patients can search the official Medicare website ( or use online platforms such as Zocdoc to find acupuncturists who accept Medicare insurance.

Besides locating an authorized provider, being cognizant of the specific CPT codes necessary for acupuncture services’ insurance billing is important. Staying updated on any changes or updates to Medicare policies regarding acupuncture coverage will ensure compliance and help patients maximize their coverage for this beneficial treatment option.

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This article has provided a comprehensive overview of the Medicare acupuncture landscape, covering eligibility criteria, provider requirements, costs, and alternative options for those without coverage.

Does Medicare Cover Acupuncture? Summary

Understanding these aspects of Medicare’s acupuncture coverage can empower patients to make informed decisions about their healthcare and access appropriate treatment options.

With the growing body of research supporting acupuncture’s effectiveness for pain relief, it is no wonder that more and more patients are exploring this non-invasive, drug-free alternative to traditional pain management.

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Frequently Asked Questions


  How many sessions of acupuncture does Medicare cover?

Medicare will cover up to 12 acupuncture visits in 90 days for chronic low back pain and may pay for an additional 8 sessions if there is improvement in the condition. If no improvement is seen, Medicare won’t cover more than 20 treatments in a year.


  When did Medicare start covering acupuncture?

In 2020, Medicare began covering acupuncture as a treatment for lower back pain.


  Are there any alternatives to Medicare-covered acupuncture for those without insurance coverage or seeking more affordable options?

Community acupuncture clinics provide an affordable alternative to Medicare-covered acupuncture for those without insurance or seeking more cost-effective options, with treatments offered in a group setting at a reduced cost per session.


  How does acupuncture provide pain relief?

Acupuncture activates sensory afferents, which transmit impulses to the spinal cord and activate centers in the brain, releasing endorphins that act as natural painkillers and providing relief from pain.

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